Hepatitis A outbreak hits in multiple counties in Washington State. According to the Washington State Department of Health, the outbreak has majorly occurred in the people who are homeless as well as drug users. There are a total of 13 confirmed cases occurred, out of two cases are in King County, nine cases are in Spoken County, one case in Snohomish County and one case in Pend Oreille County. The incidence rate is comparatively high in the people who have less access or no access to the sanitation stated by the Health Department.
Hepatitis A is a viral disease associated with the liver which may result in mild to severe illness. The virus of Hepatitis A is majorly transmitted through direct contact with an infectious person and through contaminated food and water ingestion. The full recovery from hepatitis A is possible which last with lifelong immunity. However, the ratio of mortality from fulminant hepatitis infection of Hepatitis A is very low. Though, epidemics can be prolonged and may result in a substantial economic loss. Thoroughly cleaning or washing hands by disinfectant, warm water, and soap plays an important role in the prevention of the spread of Hepatitis A and many other illnesses.
According to the Health Department, the best possible way of the prevention of hepatitis A is vaccination. The vaccination for Hepatitis A is recommended for the children of the age of one and above. The responsible Health officials from the health department are investigating the causes of the outbreak to get a better understanding about possible connections between present cases, detail information about transmission and the trajectory of the Hepatitis A occurrence. The department of healthcare in Washington has already started working closely to control the outbreak of Hepatitis A. Department also initiated for taking public measures to reduce the potential for further transmission in the community. The program initiated by the department includes vaccinations, public education, interventions for sanitation and partnerships with local healthcare and service providers.