Acquiring enough energy that can fulfill the global energy needs is still one of the most significant challenges faced by humanity. Sources those were considered reliable formerly, for example, oil, coal, gas, and others are not just degrading the quality of the air we breathe but are also devastating our lands and oceans. In addition to this, they are also changing the balance of global climate because of the emission of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. Further, as earth’s rapidly urbanizing population is anticipated to reach 10 billion by the year 2050, clean and green energy alternatives are a matter of urgent needs. Researchers across the globe especially, at ASU’s Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery are working on exploring new methods and technologies that can be a clean and sustainable alternative for energy and can meet unnerving global demand.
In recent research that appeared in the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS), lead author Brian Wadsworth describes technologies to produce clean fuel by combining light-gathering semiconductors and catalytic materials. The study explores the delicate interplay of the prime components of such devices and summaries a theoretical framework for understanding the fundamentals of fuel-forming reactions. The results obtained suggest approaches for improving the performance and efficiency of such hybrid technologies so that they can be used commercially.
If considered one of the most attractive sources for sustainable and carbon-neutral energy production is both ancient as well as abundant that is sunlight. Adoption of solar energy technologies has gained substantial momentum in recent years. Solar cells or Photovoltaic (PV) devices, gather sunlight, and then transform the energy directly into electricity. In addition to this, lower costs and improved materials have made photovoltaics devices an attractive energy option. These devices are gaining immense popularity, particularly in sun-drenched states, for example, Arizona. States consists of large solar arrays covering several acres that is capable of powering thousands of homes. Although much work is to be done before solar-to-fuels solutions are ready for the main time. Developing technologies like these practical to fulfill human demands requires affordability, efficiency, and stability.